Developing a cybersecurity strategy to protect end-users
The creation of an effective cybersecurity strategy should be a priority for all businesses.
You only need to look at recent security breaches to see why. They affect everyone — from giant corporations to government agencies to small, independent organizations.
Attacks are common — and the strategies used are becoming increasingly sophisticated. This means the cybersecurity landscape is constantly evolving as attackers find more innovative and effective ways to target their victims.
If your business is still relying on traditional methods to deal with and prevent cyberattacks, it’s time for an upgrade. Outdated security not only puts your business at risk, but it also puts your end-users at risk. Here’s why you need to focus on people to make sure you’re ready to deal with any threats that come your way:
Cybersecurity: why we need to focus on people
Firewalls, anti-virus software, and encryption can only do so much. If the people working in your organization don’t understand your cybersecurity policies — and how to protect themselves from cyberthreats — the risk to your business increases significantly, despite any other preventative methods you’re using.
This is because hackers are increasingly targeting people when they attack.
It’s a strategy that makes a lot of sense when you consider the hacker must find weaknesses in your organization to exploit. People are an easy target because it only takes one simple, unintentional mistake to let the cyber criminals in.
For example, according to Verizon’s 2019 data breach investigations report, 94 percent of malware was delivered via email. Often, these emails are almost indistinguishable from legitimate communications. This makes it difficult for the people working in your organization to recognize them as a threat — unless you have risk management strategies in place to both educate and protect them.
As well as installing malicious software through email communications, hackers may target individuals within your company directly when attempting to gain access to your systems.
“94 percent of malware was delivered via email.”
Who are the high-risk people within your business?
To understand which people are most at risk within your business, you need to think like an attacker.
When someone attempts to hack into your organization’s computer systems, they’re doing so for a reason. It could be that they want to access customer data, which they plan to sell on to a third-party. Or it could be that they’re trying to access sensitive information (e.g. in the case of corporate espionage).
Whatever the reason, they target the people within your business who can give them what they want. This means people with access to sensitive data, customer information or company secrets.
The CEO, directors and their assistants are obvious choices. These people often have access to high-level information, as well as customer data.
Engineers and IT staff are also high-risk as they tend to have access to a variety of systems, both physical and digital, that appeal to hackers. Gaining access to these systems may enable the attackers to gain access to the sensitive data we’ve already mentioned, as well as to take actions to disrupt the business (e.g. install malicious code, delete data, damage systems).
Finally, anyone who works remotely, away from the organization’s physical location, poses an additional risk.
What are the factors that contribute to end-user risk?
There are many factors that influence the risk posed to end-users and your business. These include:
Vulnerabilities – for example, outdated software that hasn’t been kept up-to-date is likely to have weak points attackers can exploit.
Access rights – users that have access to privileged information are at risk as this increases the likelihood the users have access to something the hackers want.
Knowledge – if an end-user doesn’t know how to keep themselves (and your business) safe, how can you expect them to do it? While some data breaches are caused by negligent staff, many arise simply because the appropriate policies, procedures, and training aren’t in place.
Understanding these factors is key to risk mitigation.
How to mitigate risk and reduce attacks
When it comes to mitigating your risk and reducing cybersecurity attacks on your business, focusing on the end-user is an essential part of a successful cybersecurity strategy.
Here are a few ways you can do this:
Document the relevant policies and procedures
A good starting point is to ensure all relevant policies and procedures are documented, easily accessible, and introduced to new staff when they begin their employment with the business.
These should be easy to read and understand — and displayed in locations across the business to remind employees as they go about their work.
Educate your staff
The policies and procedures won’t mean much if your staff hasn’t received adequate training.
Develop sessions on cybersecurity to walk your employees through the actions you expect them to take to keep themselves and your business safe.
Make sure they know how they pose a threat to your business and the kind of threats they need to look out for.
Refresh their knowledge regularly
The cybersecurity landscape is evolving constantly. You need to ensure your employees understand this and keep up-to-date with the changes they’ll need to make as attacks get more sophisticated.
Leave all your employees with no doubt about the roles they need to play to prevent an attack.
Ensure the appropriate access restrictions
Data breaches often occur because employees have access to information they don’t need — and shouldn’t have access to.
One study by Varonis found that 17 percent of all sensitive files can be accessed by all employees and that 53 percent of all companies have over 1,000 sensitive files open to everyone inside the business. Not only is this unnecessary, but it puts your customers — and your business — at risk.
“53 percent of all companies have over 1,000 sensitive files open to everyone inside the business.”
Change passwords regularly and keep software up to date
These both seem so simple, but cybersecurity strategies don’t have to be complicated.
Simple actions, such as requiring mandatory password changes once per month, can make all the difference when it comes to mitigating the risks posed by cybercriminals.
What will you do to keep your end-users safe?
Contact us for guidance and assistance developing your best cyber security strategy.
The reality is, data breaches in the government sector are all too common, which is why safeguarding sensitive information and CUI data is a major priority and why standards such as NIST 800-171 were created in the first place. CMMC is taking the suggestion from NIST 800-171 and adding to them as well as requiring a third-party assessment.
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With business continuity, you have a set of procedures to fall back on to recover data, prevent catastrophic losses, and to keep your clinic or hospital running. In healthcare, where your patients count on your organization to protect their health, and their data, nothing could be more important.
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Government contractors are prime targets for cybercriminals. Make sure you understand your cybersecurity responsibilities and requirements before signing up to work with the government. GSA keenly prioritizes cybersecurity readiness as a vetting criterion for eligible contractors.
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